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Pyramid of the Jaguar, Tikal, in El Peten, Guatemala
The classic Maya civilization originated in the El Peten region of
Guatemala and Uaxactun.  Maya cities contained approximately
two million people supported through a mixture of slash-and-burn
agriculture and raised field farming techniques.
The cities that developed in Tikal, Copan, Palenque, and Bonampak,
among others, were ruled by warrior kings.  They frequently participated
in bloody ceremonies and practiced human sacrifice, a finding previously
denied by Maya scholars.