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    VIDEO ARCHIVE:  THE WORLD SINCE 1945 ON FILM
Directions:  A Real Player is required to view the video clips.  It is strongly recommended that you view them either in a campus computer lab or a dorm room because outside the UNC server the clips take a very long time to download.  If you view the clips in the campus computer labs you will need to bring your own earphones.  Note that the appropriate plug-in for the earphones is not the one on the front face of the computer screen, but rather the black extension cord coming out of the back of the computer.  If you have difficulty with the audio tell the lab attendant.  Usually when you click on the video clips you will get an error message after the Real Player appears--ignore it, click "OK" and continue.  Sometimes a box will appear asking if you want to "Open" or "Save" the file.  You are welcome to save the video clips on the hard drive if you want, but it is better to click on "Open" and not use up the extra space on the hard drive.  Please report any problems to the Instructor. 
GENERAL/THEMATIC
Cold War
Global Economy
Colonialism/Decolonization
Human Rights
Environment
Music
Gender
Nuclear Age/The Bomb
Genocide
Current Events
REGION/COUNTRY
AFRICA                 Ghana
Nigeria
 Kenya
South Africa
ASIA                    Cambodia
Japan
China
Korea (North and South)
India and Pakistan
Vietnam
Indonesia
 
EASTERN EUROPE 
East Germany 
Soviet Union (and former Republics)
Poland
Czech(oslavakia) and Hungary
Yugoslavia (and former Republics)
LATIN AMERICA    Argentina
Guatemala
 Brazil
 Nicaragua
Cuba
MIDDLE EAST/NORTH AFRICA
Iran
Algeria
Iraq
Egypt
Israel/Palestine
NORTH AMERICA    Mexico
U.S.A.
WESTERN EUROPE         France
West Germany


COLD WAR                                                                                                Return to Top
Cold War Medley (2:16):  Music from the Cold War period, featuring Bob Dylan; Peter, Paul, and Mary; Phil Ochs; Barry McGuire; The Byrds; Edwin Starr; and Sting, interspersed with footage of important events and speeches of Cold War leaders.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Cold War (3:13):  A good overview of the early period of Cold War tensions with footage of war torn Europe, the announcement of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Soviet blockade of West Berlin that led to the formation of NATO.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Early Cold War Perspectives, Part I (3:03):  This clip begins with Winston Churchill's famous "iron curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri, comparing how the West perceived the Soviet Union in the early stages of the Cold War, then shows how the Soviet side saw the West in popular films as well. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

Early Cold War Perspectives, Part II (6:23):  This clip from the popular movie "Atomic Cafe" starts with US newsreels on the beginning of the Cold War and the perceived threat of a communist takeover in Europe.  It also deals with a feigned communist takeover in a small town in Wisconsin (see below), school meetings to cope with the threat of a nuclear attack, and footage from the famous "Burt the Turtle" "duck and cover" school filmstrip (see also "Civil Defense" below).  (Source: Atomic Cafe).

Berlin Air Lift (4:40):  This clip deals with the controversy over Berlin, in the Soviet-controlled Eastern Zone of Germany but divided into Eastern and Western sectors.  The Soviets tried to take control by blocking off the Western Sector of Berlin, but the US and its allies responded with a highly successful airlift that sustained the city's population and broke the blockade.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

Civil Defense (1:00):  Footage from 1950s US newsreels and classroom filmstrips, including the famous "Burt the Turtle" "duck and cover" tape.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Communist Town in Wisconsin (1:47):  This footage covers the ploy of a small Wisconsin town pretending to be taken over by communists at the height of Cold War fears.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

US Anti-Communism (3:06):  Documents the US response to the Soviet detonation of an atomic bomb in 1949, complete with anti-communist music, scenes from Congressional Trials during the Joseph McCarthy period, and an FBI film on how to combat communism.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

The Soviet Union during Late Stalinism (4:04):  This clip deals with the Soviet response to the 1949 Chinese Revolution and also the celebration of Stalin's 70th Birthday, contrasting official propaganda with the harsh living conditions of Soviet citizens at the time.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

US and Soviet Perspectives on the Korean War, Part I (1:21):  These two newsreels give entirely different points of view on the war in Korea that began in 1950 and lasted until 1953.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

US and Soviet Perspectives on the Korean War, Part II (1:04):  This brief clip highlights the Cold War context of the Korean conflict.(Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Khrushchev meets Nixon (1:16):  This is the famous 1960 meeting at which Khrushchev promised that the Soviet Union would soon surpass the USA. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

The Construction of the Berlin Wall, Part I (1:27):  Footage of East Berliners fleeing to the West and commentary about the construction of the wall in 1961 and its importance in the broader Cold War context.(Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

The Construction of the Berlin Wall, Part II (4:38):  This detailed clip about the wall's construction contrasts Eastern and Western conceptions of the wall and describes the daring attempts of East Berliners to escape to the West, including their effort to dig a tunnel beneath the wall. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).



COLONIALISM/DECOLONIZATION                                                 Return to Top
European Colonialism (5:22):  An excellent overview of colonialism from the European perspective based on European newsreels from the 1930s.  The newsreels emphasize the colonial mission of bringing health care, education, and general "care" for the native populations around the world as part of their "burden" of "civilizing" the world's savages.  (Sources:  PBS Series The People's Century--Freedom Now 1947).

The Struggle for Independence in India, Part I (3:51):  This clip from the PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty deals with Gandhi's strong influence on the Nehru family, from the Spinning Wheel Movement (1920s) and Amristar Massacre (1919) to, ultimately, their rejection of Western clothing, food, and even the English language.  (Source:  PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty).

The Struggle for Independence in India, Part II (4:33):  A continuation of the previous clip, this one deals with Nehru's discovery of the impoverished side of India, his conversion to socialism, the Salt March led by Gandhi, and the frequent arrests of opponents of British colonialism like Nehru.  It ends with an excerpt of an interview with Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the 1960s remembering her father, independent India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharal Nehru.   (Source:  PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty).

French Colonialism in Vietnam (5:46):  This clip documents the impact of the French on traditional Vietnamese society and the rise of a nationalistic Vietnamese elite under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh.  (Source:  PBS Series Vietnam).

Colonial Rule and Conflict in Kenya (6:01):  This clip shows how Kenya was settled by British citizens, transforming the native Kikuyu into wage laborers.  The Kikuyu responded by organizing the Mau Mau Rebellion and fighting for their independence from British rule.   (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1947).



ENVIRONMENT                                                                        Return to Top
China's "Kill a Sparrow" Campaign (1:10):  In the mid-1950s Mao Zedong and the CCP decided the country's harvests of grain and rice would be much larger if sparrows did not eat such a large portion of it every year, so they launced a campaign to kill all the sparrows in the country, which ended in failure because insects subsequently ate a far larger portion of the harvest than usual. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Contemporary China and the Environment, Part I (1:25):  This clip from the Chinese English News depicts government efforts to save the Yangtze (or Chinese) Alligator, formerly an endangered species, which shows a growing awareness of environmental problems in contemporary China.  (Source:  Chinese English News).

Contemporary China and the Environment, Part II (1:47):  This clip likewise deals with efforts to deal with a major environmental problem in China--the erosion of soil around the Yellow River, which is vital to Chinese history and culture.  (Source:  Chinese English News).

Pollution in Paris (2:07):  Pollution from car exhaust is a major problem in many of the world's major cities, including Paris.  This clip from the French Evening News in the summer of 1998 warns residents that pollution is reaching dangerous levels (note:  this one is in French with poorly visible subtitles).  (Source:  French Evening News).

Environmental Devastation of the Gulf War (1:25):  The 1991 conflict in the Gulf left a devastating legacy of environmental damage throughout the region which is discussed in this brief clip.  (Source: Cost of the Gulf War:  Behind the Flag).

Nigeria and Shell Oil (3:45):  This 1995 documentary film shows the environmental devastation in the Ogoni region of the Niger River delta.  (Source:  "The Drilling Fields").



GENDER                                                                                    Return to Top
The Role of Women in Pakistan (2:28):  This clip relays statistics on women's role in Pakistan, contrasting unequal gender roles and conditions in the country with Koranic verses on women's equality.  (Source: Behind the Veil).

Religion and the Role of Women in Pakistan (0:58):  This brief clip gives a religious mullah's interpretation of women's role in this Muslim society amidst the dramatic changes being brought by Westernization.  (Source: Behind the Veil).

Women and the 1949 Chinese Revolution (3:40):  This clip shows the benefits brought to women by the revolution, including an end to footbinding, better health care and greater educational opportunities.  Government propaganda films capture the revolutionary euphoria of the time as party workers went from home to home to make sure housework was done properly.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Women and the Nicaraguan Revolution (2:46):  This clip centers on the changes brought to peasant women in a rural Nicaraguan village as a result of the Sandinista Revolution.  (Source: Mecate--The New Song of the Sandinistas).

Kenya:  "With These Hands" (10:35):  This lengthy clip shows how one small village in Kenya converted to sugar (cash crop) production.  In particular it documents the impact on gender relations of this major economic transformation. (Source: With These Hands).

Women in French Politics (2:19):  This clip from the French Evening News in 1997 deals with the problem of gender parity in French politics and efforts by the French legislature to deal with the problem (note:  this one is in French with poorly visible subtitles).  (Source:  French Evening News).

Argentina:  "Evita" (4:52):  This clip discusses the rise and fall of Juan and Eva Peron, who played a major role as a political activist on behalf of her husband and as an organizer of women's rights in Argentina (Source:  A&E Biography of Evita Peron).



GENOCIDE                                                                                                     Return to Top
Genocide in the post Cold War World (0:30):  This brief clip gives an overview of where some of the many cases of genocide worldwide have occurred since the end of the Cold War.

The Bosnian Conflict (4:34):  This clip covers the seige of Sarajevo, the Bosnian capitol, by Serb forces in the early 1990s, and the ethnic hatreds stemming from the war.  (Source:  PBS Series People's Century "Fast Forward" episode).



GLOBAL ECONOMY                                                                Return to Top
Economic Crash in Asia (5:04):  This clip documents the beginning of the international financial crisis in Asia in 1997.  The crisis was sparked by the decision of the G-7 economic powers to raise the value of the dollar, which led to the collapse of currencies throughout Asia, beginning in Thailand. (Source:  PBS Frontline The Crash).

Indonesia and the Asian Economic Crisis, Part I (6:07):  This news report from April 1998 focuses on the effect of the Asian economic crisis in Indonesia prior to the fall of the Suharto government.  It points out the increasing gulf between rich and poor in the country and the economic distinctions between native Indonesians and an ethnic Chinese minority engaged primarily in trade and commerce.  (Source:  PBS The Jim Lehrer News Hour).

Indonesia and the Asian Economic Crisis, Part II (2:05):  This clip from early May 1998, only weeks before President Suharto's resignation, briefly reviews Indonesian history under his rule, concentrating on recent economic turmoil in the country and the problems arising from an IMF-sanctioned austerity program.  (Source:  PBS The Jim Lehrer News Hour).

A Brief History of the International Monetary Fund (3:37):  This brief clips traces the history of the IMF from the rubble of Europe after W.W.II to the Third World in the 1970s and 80s.  (Source: Banking on Life and Debt).

The Global Economic Crisis in Brazil (13:19):  This clip from the summer of 1999 shows the lingering affect of the international financial crisis.  This clip documents the social and political impact as a result of the economic woes, and reveals criticism of the International Monetary Fund as well.  (Source:  PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour).

The IMF in Brazil (4:35):  This clip looks at the role of the IMF and World Bank in Brazil, the world's most indebted country, arguing that the policies of these organizations have lowered living standards in the country.  (SourceBanking on Life and Debt).

The IMF in Ghana (4:39):  This clip traces Ghana's post-independence history of dealings with the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, which have funded several projects in the country.  The producers of this video argue that the IMF have exploited Ghana, its policy leading to negative social affects and increasing poverty. (Source: Banking on Life and Debt).

Japanese Capitalism and the TV Industry (11:40):  This lengthy clip traces Japan's rise to global economic prowess in the postwar period, concentrating on the role of Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry and emphasizing the differences between US and Japanese capitalism.  It ends by explaining how Japan managed to gradually take over television production.  (Source:  PBS Series The Pacific Century).



HUMAN RIGHTS                                                                     Return to Top
Massacre in Chiapas (2:11):  This news report from December 1997 deals with a massacre of Native Americans in Chiapas, Mexico, carried out with the complicity of government and army officials.  (Source: ABC News).



MUSIC                                                                                       Return to Top
"The end of the world as you know it" (2:10):  This clip from a live concert by R.E.M. is a good introduction to this course, which challenges students to think of the world in new ways.

Cold War Medley (2:16):  Music from the Cold War period, featuring Bob Dylan; Peter, Paul, and Mary; Phil Ochs; Barry McGuire; The Byrds; Edwin Starr; and Sting, interspersed with footage of important events and speeches of Cold War leaders.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

US Anti-Communism (3:06):  Documents the US response to the Soviet detonation of an atomic bomb in 1949, complete with anti-communist music, scenes from Congressional Trials during the Joseph McCarthy period, and an FBI film on how to combat communism.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

Soviet Music (0:46):  a chorus to Stalin's greatness song by the youth of the Soviet Union in the 1930s.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Brave New World episode).

Chinese Rock-and-Roll (1:53):  The song from the 1980s "Nothing to my name" by Cui Jian, one of China's first and most popular rock-and-roll stars, was an inspiration to students during the protest movement in Tiananmen Square in 1989.  (Source:  PBS Series on China, "Born Under the Red Flag," Part II).

Music from the Vietnam Era (0:42):  Country Joe McDonald singing his well known Vietnam era song "What are we fighting for?" with background footage of anti-war protests during the years of the Johnson administration. (Source:  CNN Documentary Series Cold War, Episode 11 "Vietnam").

Iranian Music and Popular Culture (4:30):  This clip with a popular Iranian song in the background shows scenes from a number of well known Iranian films from the postwar period.  (Source: Iran Through the Passage of Time 1996).

Ghana--Music of the Ashanti People (0:45):  This brief clip shows a ceremonial dance and song of the Ashanti people, Ghana's largest ethnic group.  (Source:  PBS series "The Wonders of Africa").

Brazilian Music 1 (1:48): This song celebrates the role of blacks in Brazil, asking "are we really free today?"  (Source: Benedita da Silva).

Brazilian Music 2 (1:20):  This song celebrates Benedita da Silva's role as a black woman Senator in Brazil. (Source: Benedita da Silva).

Song About the Literacy Campaign in Nicaragua (3:13):  This song from the 1980s celebrates the literacy campaign instigated by the revolutionary Sandinista regime in an effort to improve the education of peasants throughout the country.  (SourceMecate--The New Song of the Sandinistas).



NUCLEAR AGE/THE BOMB                                                                          Return to Top
The First Bomb Tests (2:09):  This clip shows an interview with a photographer at the first bomb test in Los Alamos, New Mexico in July 1945. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Fallout episode).

Hiroshima and Nagasaki:  The Bomb's Consequences (3:30):  This clip includes interviews with survivors of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and some very gruesome footage that was kept secret for decades. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Fallout episode).

The Cold War and the Bomb (6:23):  This clip from the popular movie "Atomic Cafe" starts with US newsreels on the beginning of the Cold War and the perceived threat of a communist takeover in Europe.  It also deals with a feigned communist takeover in a small town in Wisconsin (see below), school meetings to cope with the threat of a nuclear attack, and footage from the famous "Burt the Turtle" "duck and cover" school filmstrip (see also "Civil Defense" below).  (Source: Atomic Cafe).

Civil Defense (1:00):  Footage from 1950s US newsreels and classroom filmstrips, including the famous "Burt the Turtle" "duck and cover" tape.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Nuclear Tests by India and Pakistani (3:35):  Showing that nuclear proliferation remains a problem, this news report in June 1998 deals with the aftermath of nuclear tests by India and Pakistan amidst increasing tensions between the two countries over control of the disputed region of Kashmir. (Source:  PBS News Hour).



SOVIET UNION (and former Republics)                                                 Return to Top
Stalinism (6:35):  This lengthy clip describes the adoration felt for Stalin by the Soviet people during the Stalin Revolution of collectivization and industrialization in the early 1930s, as well as the terror and poverty on which his rule was based, documenting the sharp contrast between socialism in theory and Stalinism in practice.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Red Flag episode).

Soviet Music (0:46):  a chorus to Stalin's greatness song by the youth of the Soviet Union in the 1930s.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Brave New World episode).

Collectivization and Famine in Ukraine (4:58):  This clip shows the opposition to Stalin's policy of collectivization among peasants in the Soviet Republic of Ukraine, where rebels were crushed by the Red Army and, according to this source, the state created a famine in order to crush peasant resistance.

Early Cold War Perspectives (3:03):  This clip begins with Winston Churchill's famous "iron curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri, comparing how the West perceived the Soviet Union in the early stages of the Cold War, then shows how the Soviet side saw the West in popular films as well.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

The Soviet Union during Late Stalinism (4:04):  This clip deals with the Soviet response to the 1949 Chinese Revolution and also the celebration of Stalin's 70th Birthday, contrasting official propaganda with the harsh living conditions of Soviet citizens at the time.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

Khrushchev's Secret Speech (5:45):  This clip emphasizes the impact that Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin at the Twentieth Party Congress of the Communist Party in February 1956 had on international relations, especially Sino-Soviet relations.  (Source:  PBS Documentary The Soviets).

Khrushchev meets Nixon (1:16):  This is the famous 1960 meeting at which Khrushchev promised that the Soviet Union would soon surpass the USA. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

Collapse of Communism (1:29):  After a history of Soviet intervention to crush rebellions in Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968), Mikhail Gorbachev's assurance in 1989 that Soviet troops would never again intervene in the affairs of Eastern Europe led to uprisings throughout the region, culminating in the collapse of the Berlin Wall.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).



CHECK(OSLAVAKIA) and HUNGARY                                    Return to Top
Rebellion in the Iron Curtain (1:34):  Footage and commentary about the Soviet interventions in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia twelve years later in 1968.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Rebellion in Hungary 1956 (4:45):  This amazing clip chronicles the attempt of Hungarians to overthrow Soviet rule in 1956, the inaction of the West during the uprising, and the swift Soviet response to crush the rebellion.  It includes the emotional recollections of one of the participants. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

Collapse of Communism (1:29):  After a history of Soviet intervention to crush rebellions in Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968), Mikhail Gorbachev's assurance in 1989 that Soviet troops would never again intervene in the affairs of Eastern Europe led to uprisings throughout the region, culminating in the collapse of the Berlin Wall.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).



EAST GERMANY and POLAND                                                 Return to Top
Berlin Air Lift (4:40):  This clip deals with the controversy over Berlin, in the Soviet-controlled Eastern Zone of Germany but divided into Eastern and Western sectors.  The Soviets tried to take control by blocking off the Western Sector of Berlin, but the US and its allies responded with a highly successful airlift that sustained the city's population and broke the blockade.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

The Construction of the Berlin Wall, Part I (1:27):  Footage of East Berliners fleeing to the West and commentary about the construction of the wall in 1961 and its importance in the broader Cold War context.(Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

The Construction of the Berlin Wall, Part II (4:38):  This detailed clip about the wall's construction contrasts Eastern and Western conceptions of the wall and describes the daring attempts of East Berliners to escape to the West, including their effort to dig a tunnel beneath the wall. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

Collapse of Communism (1:29):  After a history of Soviet intervention to crush rebellions in Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968), Mikhail Gorbachev's assurance in 1989 that Soviet troops would never again intervene in the affairs of Eastern Europe led to uprisings throughout the region, culminating in the collapse of the Berlin Wall.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).



YUGOSLAVIA/KOSOVO                                                            Return to Top
The Bosnian Conflict (4:34):  This clip covers the seige of Sarajevo, the Bosnian capitol, by Serb forces in the early 1990s, and the ethnic hatreds stemming from the war.  (Source:  PBS Series People's Century "Fast Forward" episode).

Kosovo, Part I (:56):  A report on the first day of the NATO bombing strikes in Kosovo beginning March 1999.  (Source:  PBS News Hour).

Kosovo, Part II (2:16): A continuation of the story introduced in Part I; good historical background on the Balkan conflict.  (Source: PBS News Hour).



INDIA and PAKISTAN                                                                 Return to Top
Independence Day in India 1997 (1:55):  A brief summary introduction to a PBS special about the rule of the "Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty" in India.  (Source:  PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty).

India-Pakistani Dispute over Kashmir (3:35):  This news report from the PBS program the Lehrer News Hour, taped in June 1998, gives great background information on the tensions between the two countries over control of this disputed region. (Source:  PBS News Hour).

Nehru and Gandhi, Part I (3:51):  This clip from the PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty deals with Gandhi's strong influence on the Nehru family, from the Spinning Wheel Movement (1920s) and Amristar Massacre (1919) to, ultimately, their rejection of Western clothing, food, and even the English language.  (Source:  PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty).

Nehru and Gandhi, Part II (4:33):  A continuation of the previous clip, this one deals with Nehru's discovery of the impoverished side of India, his conversion to socialism, the Salt March led by Gandhi, and the frequent arrests of opponents of British colonialism like Nehru.  It ends with an excerpt of an interview with Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the 1960s remembering her father, independent India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharal Nehru.   (Source:  PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty).

Violence in India in 1947 (4:30):  This gruesome clip includes footage from the civil war that broke out between Muslims and Hindus in India after the country received its independence from Britain but at the cost of partition. (Source:  PBS Documentary The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty).

The Role of Women in Pakistan (2:28):  This clip relays statistics on women's role in Pakistan, contrasting unequal gender roles and conditions in the country with Koranic verses on women's equality.  (Source: Behind the Veil).

Religion and the Role of Women in Pakistan (0:58):  This brief clip gives a religious mullah's interpretation of women's role in this Muslim society amidst the dramatic changes being brought by Westernization.  (Source: Behind the Veil).



CHINA                                                                                        Return to Top
Civil War and Revolution (3:56):  This clip includes amazing footage of Chiang Kai-shek's repression of Chinese Communists in the 1920s as well as of Mao Zedong and the CCP's Long March in the 1930s and their attempts to gain the support of the peasants in their drive to power in 1949. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

1949 Revolution (0:54):  The 1949 Communist Revolution in China sent shock waves throughout the West contributing to the rise of McCarthyism in the US.  Many Chinese saw it as the dawn of a new era.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Land Reform (2:30):  This clip uses Chinese government newsreels to explain the process of Land Reform carried out in China immediately after the 1949 Revolution, in which peasants themselves were encouraged to denounce former landowners in "speak bitterness meetings."  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Revolution and the Business Sector (2:40):  This segment shows the government's attempt to coopt business leaders into supporting the revolution but also notes the repression meted out to those who did not follow the communists' lead.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Women and the 1949 Revolution (3:40):  This clip shows the benefits brought to women by the revolution, including an end to footbinding, better health care and greater educational opportunities.  Government propaganda films capture the revolutionary euphoria of the time as party workers went from home to home to make sure housework was done properly.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

"Bugging Out" in Korea (1:23):  This brief clip shows the significance of Chinese intervention in the Korean War.  American troops retreated in the face of the onslaught, and the term "bugging out" was coined. (Source:  Learning Channel Documentary Eastern Philosophy and the Art of War).

"Kill a Sparrow" Campaign (1:10):  In the mid-1950s Mao Zedong and the CCP decided the country's harvests of grain and rice would be much larger if sparrows did not eat such a large portion of it every year, so they launced a campaign to kill all the sparrows in the country, which ended in failure because insects subsequently ate a far larger portion of the harvest than usual. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Great Leap Forward, Part I (4:52):  Mao decided to push China into the modern world by relying on its tremendous supply of labor power, eradicating private ownership of land and attempting to undermine the family unit in an effort to double production in one year.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Great Leap Forward, Part II (5:15):  A major focus of Mao's attempt to push China toward modernization was the creation of Backyard Steel Furnaces in peasant villages all over the country, which led to the decimation of the country's forests and produced useless steel.  Peasants neglected their crops and a drought compounded a bad agricultural situation, leading to what is believed to be the worst famine in human history.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Cultural Revolution, Part I (1:04):  With images from China's Cultural Revolution in the late 1960s, this brief clip gives a good sense for the breakdown of power accompanying Mao's campaign to revolutionize society. (Source:  PBS Frontline Documentary Tiananmen Square).

Cultural Revolution, Part II (3:44):  This clip shows how after the failure of the Great Leap Forward Mao stayed in the background for a few years before unleashing his Cultural Revolution.  The first signs of the new campaign were the publication of Mao's Little Red Book of sayings, his swimming of the Yangtze River at age 72, and his attack on traditional Chinese opera.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Cultural Revolution, Part III (6:10):  Rich with personal recollections of the Cultural Revolution, this clip shows that Mao relied on youth to carry out his campaign, encouraging students to attack authority. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Cultural Revolution, Part IV (3:39):  This segment includes interviews with instigators of the Cultural Revolution as well as victimes, inlcuding a rural district party secretary and a teacher.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Cultural Revolution, Part V (3:51):  This clip documents the chaos and anarchy that resulted from the Cultural Revolution.  Two years into the new campaign Mao was forced to call in the Red Army to restore order, and many of the Red Guards who had led the Revolution were sent to the countryside.  The Cultural Revolution officially ended with Mao's death in 1976.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1949:  The Great Leap).

Student Protests 1986 (4:11):  Portrays the clashes between police and students during the 1986 student protests in China that began in Shanghai.  One witness describes how the police sprayed water on Tiananmen Square in Beijing, which created a sheet of ice in the December cold, making the capture of protesting students much easier.  (Source:  PBS Series on China, "Born Under the Red Flag," Part II).

Chinese Rock-and-Roll (1:53):  The song from the 1980s "Nothing to my name" by Cui Jian, one of China's first and most popular rock-and-roll stars, was an inspiration to students during the protest movement in Tiananmen Square in 1989.  (Source:  PBS Series on China, "Born Under the Red Flag," Part II).

Tiananmen Square (6:15):  This lengthy clip begins with one of the most famous incidents of the Tiananmen Square protests when an unknown man held up a line of tanks from the Chinese Army.  It then follows the government crackdown after the protests and traces the history of student protests in China to the May 4 Movement of 1919.  Finally, it ends with Mao's proclamation of the People's Republic of China and the expansion of Tiananmen Square in the early years of the PRC. (Source:  PBS Frontline Documentary Tiananmen Square).

Tiananmen Square (cont'd) (1:53):  A continuation of the previous clip, this segment discusses the importance of Tiananmen Square in Chinese history,  the transformation of party leaders to a bureaucratic elite, and the reverence for Mao that many Chinese felt after the revolution. (Source:  PBS Frontline Documentary Tiananmen Square).

The Tiananmen Square Protests (click here):  Part I (5:49)         Part II (8:04)         Part III (9:58)
This powerful series of clips traces the 1989 protests in Tiananmen Square from the very beginning to the bitter end with detailed information. (Source:  PBS Series on China, "Born Under the Red Flag," Part II).

After Tiananmen--China Since 1989 (8:45):  This clip, a continuation of the previous documentary, brings the story into the 1990s, a decade of continuing economic reform and political dictatorship.  (Source:  PBS Series on China, "Born Under the Red Flag," Part II).

Contemporary Environmental Issues, Part I (1:25):  This clip from the Chinese English News depicts government efforts to save the Yangtze (or Chinese) Alligator, formerly an endangered species, which shows a growing awareness of environmental problems in contemporary China.  (Source:  Chinese English News).

Contemporary Environmental Issues, Part II (1:47):  This clip likewise deals with efforts to deal with a major environmental problem in China--the erosion of soil around the Yellow River, which is vital to Chinese history and culture.  (Source:  Chinese English News).



KOREA (NORTH and SOUTH)                                               Return to Top
US and Soviet Perspectives on the Korean War, Part I (1:21):  These two newsreels give entirely different points of view on the war in Korea that began in 1950 and lasted until 1953.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

US and Soviet Perspectives on the Korean War, Part II (1:04):  This brief clip highlights the Cold War context of the Korean conflict.(Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

"Bugging Out" in Korea (1:23):  This brief clip shows the significance of Chinese intervention in the Korean War.  American troops retreated in the face of the onslaught, and the term "bugging out" was coined. (Source:  Learning Channel Documentary Eastern Philosophy and the Art of War).



VIETNAM                                                                                Return to Top
French Colonialism in Vietnam (5:46):  This clip documents the impact of the French on traditional Vietnamese society and the rise of a nationalistic Vietnamese elite under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh.  (Source:  PBS Series Vietnam:  A Television History:  Episode 3 "America's Mandarin").

Buddhist Opposition to Ngo Dinh Diem (3:09):  This clip shows the growing opposition to Diem's regime among Buddhist monks, including several who burned themselves in protest, and ends with a television interview with "Madame Diem," as Diem's wife was known, referring to these incidents as "Buddhist Barbecues."  (Source:  PBS Series Vietnam:  A Television History:  Episode 3 "America's Mandarin").

The Gulf of Tonkin Incident (8:02):  This lengthy clip discusses the incident off the coast of North Vietnam in 1964 that led to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and an escalation of US involvement in the war.  It includes a US Navy newsreel of the incident and interviews with CIA operatives and North Vietnamese leaders.  It ends with a famous press statement by Senator Wayne Morse, one of only two Senators who voted against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.  (Source:  PBS Documentary Series Vietnam:  A Television Series).

The Tet Offensive (1:16):  This brief clip is on the Tet Offensive undertaken by the Vietcong during the Buddhist New Year in 1968.  It lists the cities targeted by the communist forces and emphasizes the psychological impact of the offensive, especially with regard to Vietnam's ancient capital city Hue.  (Source:  Learning Channel Documentary Eastern Philosophy and the Art of War).

Music from the Vietnam Era (0:42):  Country Joe McDonald singing his well known Vietnam era song "What are we fighting for?" with background footage of anti-war protests during the years of the Johnson administration. (Source:  CNN Documentary Series Cold War, Episode 11 "Vietnam").



CAMBODIA                                                                              Return to Top
CNN Report on Pol Pot's Death (2:44):  This brief news report on Pol Pot's death includes a reference to a museum at the end.  Find out more about this museum and Pol Pot's reign by visiting the Cambodian Genocide Program online.  (Source:  CNN News).

Pol Pot's Death (2:07):  This brief report on the death of Pol Pot in March 1998 reviews some of the horrors of his reign during the "killing fields" of Cambodia in the late 1970s; it includes interviews with victims of his repression.  (Source:  ABC Evening News).



INDONESIA                                                                                Return to Top
Indonesia and the Asian Economic Crisis (6:07):  This news report from April 1998 focuses on the effect of the Asian economic crisis in Indonesia prior to the fall of the Suharto government.  It points out the increasing gulf between rich and poor in the country and the economic distinctions between native Indonesians and an ethnic Chinese minority engaged primarily in trade and commerce.  (Source:  PBS The Jim Lehrer News Hour).

The Impending Resignation of Suharto (2:05):  This clip from early May 1998, only weeks before President Suharto's resignation, briefly reviews Indonesian history under his rule, concentrating on recent economic turmoil in the country and the problems arising from an IMF-sanctioned austerity program.  (Source:  PBS The Jim Lehrer News Hour).

Chaos in the Streets of Jakharta (2:20):  Major riots broke out in Jakharta, the capital city of Indonesia, in May 1998 while President Suharto was out of the country.  The demonstrations eventually led to his resignation.  One of the main reasons for the protests was the rampant corruption of the Suharto family, which is pointed out in this clip.  (Source:  PBS The Jim Lehrer News Hour).

East Timor 1 (3:00):  This news report from 9-10-99 shows refugees fleeing from East Timor in the cover of darkness as they fell under attack from Indonesian militia forces after the vote for independence.  It includes interviews with Western observors of the situation there. (Source:  PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour).

East Timor 2 (4:43):  This report entitled "What Price Freedom" from 9-10-99 includes an extensive interview with Indonesian President B. J. Habibie at a time when he seemed to be losing control of the country. (Source:  PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour).

Political Turmoil in Indonesia (3:15):  This news report from November 1999 documents the continuing political and economic problems after the crisis in East Timor.  It includes a reference to other regions of Indonesia like Aceh that are threatening to seek independence.  (Source:  PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour).

Continuing Turmoil in Indonesia (2:00):  This report from Reuters in late January 2000 notes the impending showdown between recently elected President Wahid and one of Indonesia's leading Generals, an ally of former dictator Suharto and one of the Army leaders implicated in the violence in East timor.  (Source:  Reuters).



JAPAN                                                                                            Return to Top
Hiroshima and Nagasaki:  The Bomb's Consequences (3:30):  This clip includes interviews with survivors of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and some very gruesome footage that was kept secret for decades. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Fallout episode).

1960--A Year of Crisis (7:16):  This clip documents a key turning point in Japan's history, the privotal year of 1960 when a new Security Treaty with the US led to widespread protests and brought down the government of Prime Minister Kishi.  The clip ends with a very gruesome political assasination.  (Source:  PBS Series The Pacific Century).

MITI (11:40):  This lengthy clip traces Japan's rise to global economic prowess in the postwar period, concentrating on the role of Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry and emphasizing the differences between US and Japanese capitalism.  It ends by explaining how Japan managed to gradually take over television production.  (Source:  PBS Series The Pacific Century).



EGYPT                                                                                             Return to Top
Suez Canal Crisis (1:19):  This brief clip details the significance of the 1956 Suez Canal Crisis in Africa's drive for independence.  It includes a press conference by Abdul Nasser to Western journalists. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Independence in Africa episode).


IRAN                                                                                                Return to Top
Iranian Music and Popular Culture (4:30):  This clip with a popular Iranian song in the background shows scenes from a number of well known Iranian films from the postwar period.  (Source: Iran Through the Passage of Time 1996).

Television and the Iran Hostage Crisis (5:53):  This documentary concentrates on the important role of television during the Iran-Hostage crisis (1979-81).  It includes excerpts of an interview done by NBC with one of the hostages and an Iranian student who proclaims "We are not terrorists."  It ends with Reagan's inauguration and the release of the hostages in January 1981.  (Source:  A&E documentary film Television and Global Politics).

Iran-Iraq War (2:18):  This clip gives a brief synopsis of the war very much from the Iranian perspective, concentrating on Iraq's alleged use of chemical weapons in the war (as well as against Kurdish separatists inside Iraq) and on the Western intervention in the war on the side of Iraq.  (SourceIran Through the Passage of Time 1996).



IRAQ and the GULF WAR                                                                Return to Top
Fireworks over Baghdad (1:45):  This brief clip interviews American pilots who bombed the Iraqi capital on the first night of the war with footage of the so-called "fireworks over Baghdad" (Source:  PBS Documentary The Gulf War).

Biography of Saddam Hussein (10:26):  This biography of Saddam Hussein tells how he killed someone at age ten and how, as a terrorist, he gradually rose through the ranks of Iraq's Baath Party to become leader of Iraq.  It includes amazing footage of meeting in which Saddam purged political enemies (SourceA&E Biography:  Saddam Hussein).

Kuwaiti Ambassador Daughter's Testimony (3:53):  This clip deals with the famous (and false) testimony of the Kuwaiti Ambassador's Daughter to the US Congress claiming Iraqi troops in Kuwait City had ripped premature babies from their incubators and thrown them on the floor.  It also lists several of the reasons given by the Bush administration for US involvement in the conflict.  (Source:  PBS documentary The Gulf War).

Iran-Iraq War (2:18):  This clip gives a brief synopsis of the war very much from the Iranian perspective, concentrating on Iraq's alleged use of chemical weapons in the war (as well as against Kurdish separatists inside Iraq) and on the Western intervention in the war on the side of Iraq.  (SourceIran Through the Passage of Time 1996).

US media coverage of the Gulf War, Part I (5:16):  This clip details an incident from the 1991 Gulf War in which a reporter for NBC could not get footage of Iraqi civilian casualties aired on the network's evening news (Source:  PBS documentary Fear and Favor in the Newsroom).

US media coverage of the Gulf War, Part II (3:32):  This clip looks critically at U.S. media coverage of the Gulf War, pointing out the impact that the tape of the L.A.P.D.'s beating of Rodney King had and comparing that to the lack of footage of civilian casualties from the war. (Source: Cost of the Gulf War:  Behind the Flag).

Environmental Devastation from the Gulf War (1:25):  The 1991 conflict in the Gulf left a devastating legacy of environmental damage throughout the region which is discussed in this brief clip.  (Source: Cost of the Gulf War:  Behind the Flag).



ISRAEL/PALESTINE                                                                         Return to Top
Arab-Israeli Conflict--Breakdown of the Peace Process (2:47):  This report is from March 1997 at a time when the peace process had stalled.  Palestinian leader Yassir Arafat called for an international conference to discuss continued Jewish settlements in disputed areas and pressure the new Israeli government to hold to the Oslo Agreement.  (Source:  CNN Headline News).

Arab-Israeli Conflict--Reviving a Stalled Peace Process (2:51):  This report deals with an October 1998 meeting between Benjamin Netanyahu and Yassir Arafat in Washington to discuss the stalled peace process.  The report spells out Palestinian demands and describes Yassir Arafat's concern that the independent state he promised his people by May 1999 may not be forthcoming. (Source:  CNN Headline News).

Arab-Israeli Conflict--Palestinian views on Oslo (2:42):  This clip (mostly in Arabic with English subtitles) shows a discussion of the Oslo Agreement among Palestinians from different political tendencies, i.e. Hamas, Fatah, etc. (Source:  Documentary Road to Peace).

Arab-Israeli Art (2:33):  This clip about a play for children shows that relations between Arabs and Israelis are not always conflictual.  (Source:  Documentary Road to Peace).

Suez Canal Crisis (1:19):  This brief clip details the significance of the 1956 Suez Canal Crisis in Africa's drive for independence.  It includes a press conference by Abdul Nasser to Western journalists. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Independence in Africa episode).



GHANA                                                                                     Return to Top
Ghana--Music of the Ashanti People (0:45):  This brief clip shows a ceremonial dance and song of the Ashanti people, Ghana's largest ethnic group.  (Source:  PBS series "The Wonders of Africa").

Cocoa in Ghana (1:40):  This brief clip discusses the importance of cocoa production in Ghana during the period of British colonial rule, when the crop was introduced.  Note the significance of the colonial administration's role in controlling the price of Ghana, a policy that continued after the colony's independence (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Independence in Africa episode).

The IMF in Ghana (4:39):  This clip traces Ghana's post-independence history of dealings with the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, which have funded several projects in the country.  The producers of this video argue that the IMF have exploited Ghana, its policy leading to negative social affects and increasing poverty.  (Source: Banking on Life and Debt).

Kwame Nkrumah (3:31):  This clip describes Ghana's struggle for independence against British rule.  The struggle was led by Kwame Nkrumah, a socialist who became the country's first president and ruled it for nearly a decade before being deposed in a coup in 1966. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Independence in Africa episode).



KENYA                                                                                          Return to Top
"With These Hands" (10:35):  This lengthy clip shows how one small village in Kenya converted to sugar (cash crop) production.  In particular it documents the impact on gender relations of this major economic transformation. (Source: With These Hands).

The Struggle for Independence (6:01):  This clip shows how Kenya was settled by British citizens, transforming the native Kikuyu into wage laborers.  The Kikuyu responded by organizing the Mau Mau Rebellion and fighting for their independence from British rule.   (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--1947).



NIGERIA                                                                                                               Return to Top
Nigeria and Shell Oil (3:45):  This 1995 documentary film shows the environmental devastation in the Ogoni region of the Niger River delta.  (Source:  "The Drilling Fields").

Elections in Nigeria (3:05):  This clip deals with the elections in Nigeria in late February 1999, which were won by former General Olusegun Obasanjo.  However, the voting results have been highly disputed, both by Obasanjo's opponent, former Nigerian Finance Minister Olu Falae, and by international observers like Jimmy Carter.  (Source:  PBS The Jim Lehrer News Hour).



SOUTH AFRICA                                                                             Return to Top
Apartheid, Part I (3:47):  This clip begins with a British newsreel about the imposition of apartheid in South Africa under the tutelage of Hendrick Verwoerd, leader of the Nationalist Party that won the country's (white vote only) 1948 elections.  Nelson Mandela discusses the early protests against apartheid and especially the hated pass laws.  (Source: Mandela--Long Walk to Freedom).

Apartheid, Part II (6:37):  This lengthy clip starts with the Sharpeville Massacre of peaceful protestors in 1961, showing how the state and the African National Congress responded, with Mandela going into hiding and giving a famous interview on the ANC's abandonment of non-violence.  It ends with his dramatic trial.  (Source: Mandela--Long Walk to Freedom).

Apartheid, Part III (6:40):  This clip covers some of the basic features of the Apartheid system and includes some incredible footage of black resistance to Apartheid.  (Source: PBS Series South Africa:  The Struggle for Freedom).

Apartheid, Part IV (4:10):  This clip also covers resistance to Apartheid and police violence in response ot it.  (Source: PBS Series South Africa:  The Struggle for Freedom).

The Amy Biehl Story (0:48):  This brief clip discusses the impressions of Amy Biehl's family during their trip to the South African township where Amy was killed.  (Source:  ABC News Turning Point).



ARGENTINA                                                                                                       Return to Top
Juan and Evita Peron (4:52):  This clip discusses the rise and fall of Juan and Eva Peron, who played a major role as a political activist on behalf of her husband and as an organizer of women's rights in Argentina (Source:  A&E Biography of Evita Peron).



BRAZIL                                                                                           Return to Top
The Global Economic Crisis in Brazil (13:19):  This clip from the summer of 1999 shows the lingering affect of the international financial crisis.  This clip documents the social and political impact as a result of the economic woes, and reveals criticism of the International Monetary Fund as well.  (Source:  PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour).

The IMF in Brazil (4:35):  This clip looks at the role of the IMF and World Bank in Brazil, the world's most indebted country, arguing that the policies of these organizations have lowered living standards in the country.  (SourceBanking on Life and Debt).

Brazilian Music 1 (1:48): This song celebrates the role of Afro-Brazilian in Brazil, asking "are we really free today?"  (Source: Benedita da Silva).

Brazilian Music 2 (1:20):  This song celebrates Benedita da Silva's role as a Afro-Brazilian woman Senator in Brazil. (Source: Benedita da Silva).



NICARAGUA                                                                                    Return to Top
Song About the Literacy Campaign (3:13):  This song from the 1980s celebrates the literacy campaign instigated by the revolutionary Sandinista regime in an effort to improve the education of peasants throughout the country.  (SourceMecate--The New Song of the Sandinistas).

Women and the Revolution (2:46):  This clip centers on the changes brought to peasant women in a rural Nicaraguan village as a result of the Sandinista Revolution.  (SourceMecate--The New Song of the Sandinistas).



NORTH AMERICA                                                                           Return to Top
The US After the War (1:39):  This clips shows the hope and promise for postwar reconstruction in the US with a couple of newsreel clips and an interview with a US war veteran.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

The Cold War and the Bomb (6:23):  This clip from the popular movie "Atomic Cafe" starts with US newsreels on the beginning of the Cold War and the perceived threat of a communist takeover in Europe.  It also deals with a feigned communist takeover in a small town in Wisconsin (see below), school meetings to cope with the threat of a nuclear attack, and footage from the famous "Burt the Turtle" "duck and cover" school filmstrip (see also "Civil Defense" below).  (Source: Atomic Cafe).

US Anti-Communism (3:06):  Documents the US response to the Soviet detonation of an atomic bomb in 1949, complete with anti-communist music, scenes from Congressional Trials during the Joseph McCarthy period, and an FBI film on how to combat communism.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

Civil Defense (1:00):  Footage from 1950s US newsreels and classroom filmstrips, including the famous "Burt the Turtle" "duck and cover" tape.  (Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

Communist Town in Wisconsin (1:47):  This footage covers the ploy of a small Wisconsin town pretending to be taken over by communists at the height of Cold War fears.  (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

Khrushchev meets Nixon (1:16):  This is the famous 1960 meeting at which Khrushchev promised that the Soviet Union would soon surpass the USA. (Source:  PBS People's Century Series Brave New World episode).

US media coverage of the Gulf War, Part I (5:16):  This clip details an incident from the 1991 Gulf War in which a reporter for NBC could not get footage of Iraqi civilian casualties aired on the network's evening news (Source:  PBS documentary Fear and Favor in the Newsroom).

US media coverage of the Gulf War, Part II (3:32):  This clip looks critically at U.S. media coverage of the Gulf War, pointing out the impact that the tape of the L.A.P.D.'s beating of Rodney King had and comparing that to the lack of footage of civilian casualties from the war. (Source: Cost of the Gulf War:  Behind the Flag).



MEXICO                                                                             Return to Top
Massacre in Chiapas (2:11):  This news report from December 1997 deals with a massacre of Native Americans in Chiapas, Mexico, carried out with the complicity of government and army officials.  (Source: ABC News).


FRANCE                                                                              Return to Top
Pollution in Paris (2:07):  This clip from the French Evening News in the summer of 1998 warns residents that pollution is reaching dangerous levels (note:  this one is in French with poorly visible subtitles). (Source:  French Evening News).

Women in French Politics (2:19):  This clip from the French Evening News in 1997 deals with the problem of gender parity in French politics and efforts by the French legislature to deal with the problem (note:  this one is in French with poorly visible subtitles).  (Source:  French Evening News).



WEST GERMANY                                                                Return to Top
Berlin Air Lift (4:40):  This clip deals with the controversy over Berlin, in the Soviet-controlled Eastern Zone of Germany but divided into Eastern and Western sectors.  The Soviets tried to take control by blocking off the Western Sector of Berlin, but the US and its allies responded with a highly successful airlift that sustained the city's population and broke the blockade.  (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).

The Construction of the Berlin Wall, Part I (1:27):  Footage of East Berliners fleeing to the West and commentary about the construction of the wall in 1961 and its importance in the broader Cold War context.(Source:  ABC News Laser Disk The Cold War and Communism).

The Construction of the Berlin Wall, Part II (4:38):  This detailed clip about the wall's construction contrasts Eastern and Western conceptions of the wall and describes the daring attempts of East Berliners to escape to the West, including their effort to dig a tunnel beneath the wall. (Source:  PBS Series The People's Century--Brave New World).



CURRENT EVENTS                                                                 Return to Top
East Timor 1 (3:00):  This news report from 9-10-99 shows refugees fleeing from East Timor in the cover of darkness as they fell under attack from Indonesian militia forces after the vote for independence.  It includes interviews with Western observors of the situation there. (Source:  PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour).

East Timor 2 (4:43):  This report entitled "What Price Freedom" from 9-10-99 includes an extensive interview with Indonesian President B. J. Habibie at a time when he seemed to be losing control of the country. (Source:  PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour).