PART THREE:  BEING COLONIAL II:  SOCIETYTheme Eight: Revisiting Religion
March 20-24
  sor juana.jpg (7337 bytes)Click here to link to a great site about Sor Juana

Lecture Outline:

A. Women and Religious Life
  1. "Islands (?) of Women" :The Convent as Microcosm of Colonial Society
  2. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: Poetry and the letter to the Archbishop of Puebla
  3. Beatas : The Famous Sta. Rosa de Lima, and the Not-so-Famous Mexican Beata, María
B. The Inquisition as Arbiter of Colonial Religion
C. Cofradías and Black and Mulatto Brotherhoods
D. Whose Religious Symbols Are They?:  The Cases of Santiago the Mountain  God and The Virgin of Guadalupe

Key Terms:

Juan Diego 
Black Veil 
Holy Office of the Inquisition
Reading Assignments:

Luís Martin, "Islands of Women" from Daughters of the Conquistadors; pp.172-200.

William B. Taylor, "The Virgin of Guadalupe in New Spain: An inquiry in thesocial history of  marian devotion." from American Ethonologist (1987): pp. 9-33.

 Sor Juana’s Letter from Colonial Spanish America: A Documentary History (1997)

Questions for Consideration:

1. How were cofradías and convents instruments of colonial hegemony?  What colonial Spanish aims did these institutions help fulfill, and who benefitted from them?  How were cofradías and convents used as "resistance," escape from or protection against colonial aims by the people who entered or participated in them?

2. Consider the popularity and character of the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century cases of Santiago and the Virgin of Guadalupe.  Include a) who participated in these movements or in veneration, b) the degree of syncretism or the problem of the concept of syncretism c) the Church's reaction to the movements.

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