A. Demographic Collapse:
|Bartolomé de las Casas
Juan Gines de Sepúlveda
Bartolomé de las Casas A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (finish
B & J CLA, pp. 83-108
Catalina de Erauso Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World (begin reading)
Optional Additional Readings:
Linda Newsome, "Indian Population Patterns in Colonial Spanish America,” Latin American Research Review (1985), pp. 41-68
Silverblatt, Chapters IX and X "Cultural Defiance" and “Women of the Puna” in Moon, Sun and Witches. pp. 159-171.
Father Pablo Joseph de Arriaga, Chapter 8, "What the Indians Worship
Today," pp. 23-32
and Chapter 8 "Other Causes of the Idolatry," pp. 67-74 from The Extipration of Idolatry in Peru.
Questions for Consideration:
1. What determined why some groups of indigenous people survived and others died during the epidemics of colonialism? How would you explain demographic trends in the New World along the lines of a hegemony/ resistance model? Think in terms of whether the settlement of Spanish populations was necessary for colonialism to have an impact on native populations in a region.
2. Discuss the degree to which elements of Spanish Catholicism were
present in the Taqui Onkoy Movement, among the "witches"of the Andes. What did this mean for the
nature and success of “resistance” to colonial cultural hegemony in the
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries? Do you see any evidence that
Andean religion had changed Catholicism or had an impact on Spanish priests?