Theme Six: The Church and Religious Resistance
Midterm October 13
A. The Structure of Labor/Politics
1. The Special Role of Curaca
2. Institutional Organization: The continued importance of ayllu and alteptl
3. The "Spanish" Town in the New World
B. Conversion and Resistance
1. The Structure of the Church in the New World
2. The Mission of the Church
3. Resistance and the Taqui Onqoy
C. Toledan Reforms
1. Mercury Amalgamation
2. Life inside the "Red Mountain"
3. MigrationUrbanization and Indian Networks
4. Taxation, Labor and Changes and Ethnic Communities
5. Yanaconas and Forasteros
This is a small version of a page from Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala's Buen Gobierno y Nueva Coronica del Peru. Poma was a Christian mestizo who, in the early 17th century, wrote a several-hundred-page "letter" to Philip V, King of Spain. Each page of the cronicle contains a drawing of daily colonial life in the Andes. The above page docments the cruel punishment of mitayos at the hands of the mine corregidors. For more examples of Guaman Poma's pages (text in Spanish), click here.
|Juez de Fora
Repartimiento de la Mita (or, simply, Mita)
Stern, pages 51-137 (Chapter Three, Four, and Five)
Optional Additional Readings:
Ann Wightman, Chapter Four "'El Ayllu Forastero': Migration, Community Structure and Identity" in Indigenous Migration and Social Change: The Forasteros of Cuzco (1991) pp.86-111.
Questions for Consideration:
1. How did the role of curaca change during the first one hundred years of colonial rule? Why do you think the position of curaca had not been dissolved completely by the Spanish after conquest? What does the colonial position of the curaca tell us about the nature of Spanish colonial rule?
2. How helpful is the term "indian" in understanding different groups
living in the rural societies of the bishopric of Cuzco during the late
seventeenth century? What are the alternatives, and what historical
phenomena do these alternatives highlight?
3. How did migration play a role in shaping social markers among indigenous