GHUM 252: Latin America - Schedule

Pre-contact civilizations (before 1492)
August 26 Tues
Introduction to the Course
August 28 Thurs
Foundational Cultures in the “New World,” The Iberian Peninsula, and Africa
Discussion Questions:
How would you define the world view of each of the major cultural groups that contributed to the formation of the Americas before contact? In what ways were these views similar to and different from one another?
Jeffrey Pilcher, “The People of Corn,” BB (Blackboard)
Sept 2 Tues
Karen Vieira Powers, “Pre-Hispanic Gender roles under the Aztecs and the Incas” in Women and the Crucible of Conquest: The Gendered Genesis of Spanish American Society, 1500-1600, pp. 15-38. BB
Sept 4 Thurs
Mary Elizabeth Perry Gender and Disorder in Early Modern Seville Princeton University Press pp. 3-52. BB
Sept 9 Tues
Continue discussion of the Iberian world before greater integration with the “New World”
Sept 11 Thurs
James H. Sweet “Demography, Distribution, and Diasporic Streams” in Recreating Africa: Culture, Kinship, and Religion in the African-Portuguese World, 1441-1770, pp. 13-30. BB
Contact, Colonization and Colonial Society
Themes: Change, resistance, emergence of hybrid cultures, gender, race and caste, social order and public diversions
Discussion Questions:
What social factors shaped the ways in which the mixture of “racial” cultures were viewed in society? How do the views of a mestizo, an indigenous noble (Guaman Poma) compare and contrast with one another? How do elite views of colonial society contrast with those of the slave? How have these themes from the colonial era been remembered and contested in more contemporary art or literature? How did colonial society attempt to control the activities of its citizens?
Sept 16 Tues
Chasteen, chapter one, “Encounter,” pp. 25-54.
Pilcher, chapter two, “The Conquests of Wheat: Culinary Encounters in the Colonial Period,” pp. 25-44. BB
Sept 18 Thurs
Chasteen, chapter two, “Colonial Crucible,” pp. 59-86.
Start Reading: Clorinda Matto de Turner, Birds Without A Nest
Sept 23 Tues
Guaman Poma, A Letter to a King (Selections) BB
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Poems, Protest, and a Dream excerpts BB
Sept 25 Thurs
John Charles Chasteen “Morena (American Eve)” in National Rhythms, African Roots: The Deep History of Latin American Popular Dance, pp. 189-204. BB
Late Colonial period, Independence and the New Nation(s)
Emergence of New Elite Identities
Sept 30 Tues
Themes: Racial purity, Foreign Ideals, and the Definition of the Nation
Discussion Questions:
How did the elite of Latin America view the question of who forms the nation? Were these views all in agreement with one another? How did these elites view the problems that their new nations faced? How did they define solutions to these problems? Why has the novel been so important to the construction of national identities in Latin America?
Juan & Ulloa (excerpts) BB
Students will view casta paintings in class
Birds Without a Nest
Oct 2 Thurs
Sidney W. Mintz “Food, Sociality, and Sugar” in Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History, pp. 3-18. BB
Aluisio Azevedo, The Slum (start reading)
Oct 7 Tues
Chasteen, chapter three, “Independence,” pp. 91-113.
Simón Bolívar “Cartegena Manifesto” BB
Oct 9 Thurs
Midterm exam due in class
The 19th Century: New Nations
Flowering of Popular Identities during the 19th century
Themes: Gauchos, mestizaje/racial mixing, dance and music, constructing the nation “from below.”
Discussion Questions:
How do these popular-centered views of nineteenth-century society contrast from that of the elites? How does the ethnic background described in popular views compare and contrast with that of elites?
Oct 14 Tues
Chapter two, “Confronting a Colonial Past,” by Oriana Baddeley and Valerie Fraser, Drawing the Line: Art and Cultural Identity in Contemporary Latin America (Verso Press, 1989). pp. 41-78. BB
Chasteen, chapter 4 “Postcolonial Blues,” pp. 119-147
Oct 16 Thurs
Juan Manuel de Rosas, excerpts from The Caudillos Order, Domingo F. Sarmiento, excerpts from Civilization and Barbarism (From Argentina Reader) 80-90 BB
John Charles Chasteen, Chapter one, “Transgressive National Dances?;” in National Rhythms, African Roots, pp. 1-15.
Eduardo Gutierrez, “Juan Moreira,” in Edward Hale Bierstadt, Three Plays of the Argentine, (Duffield and Company, 1920), pp. 1-20. BB
Oct 21 Tues
End of slavery and oppression of the underclass
Chasteen, chapter 5 “Progress,” pp. 149-178
BB TBA [on Afro-Latin culture]
Oct 23 Thurs
Discussion: Aluisio Azevedo, The Slum
Research topic prospectus due in class
WEEK 10:
The 20th Century
Oct 28 Tues
Film: Like Water for Chocolate
Oct 30 Thurs
Film: Like Water for Chocolate (conclusion)
Barbara A. Tenenbaum “Why Tita Didn’t Marry the Doctor, or Mexican History in Like Water for Chocolate” in Donald F. Stevens ed. Based on a True Story: Latin American History at the Movies (Scholarly Resource Books, 1997) pp. 157-72. BB
WEEK 11:
Culture of Populism
Themes: The Use of Mass Media and the Rise of the Working Classes.
Discussion Questions:
What was the connection during the 1920s between art and revolution? Why was the revolutionary government in Mexico concerned about sex? How did these and other concerns and interventions help to construct the nation (or were they effective approaches)?
Nov 4 Tues
Chasteen, chapter 6 “Neocolonialism,” pp. 181-214.
Katherine Bliss “The Science of Redemption: Syphilis, Sexual Promiscuity, and Reformism in Revolutionary Mexico City” Hispanic American Historical Review 79:1 1999 1-40. BB
Students will also view some art of David Alfáro Siqueirors, José Orozco, Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo.
Nov 6 Thurs
Chasteen, chapter 7 “Nationalism,” pp. 217-248.
Rubén Darío “To Roosevelt” BB
WEEK 12:
Nov 11 Tues
Discussion Questions: How did technology shape or re-shape culture? Where there differences in how technology was used or understood in relation to class structures in Latin American societies? What was the relationship between technology and the emergence of populist governments in Latin America?
“Radio and Estado Novo,”, in Bryan McCann, Hello, Hello Brazil: Popular Music and the Making of Modern Brazil, (Duke University Press, 2004). pp. 19-40 BB
Joy Elizabeth Hayes, “Broadcasting the Revolution,” Chapter four of Radio Nation: Communication, Popular Culture, and Nationalism in Mexico, 1920-1950. pp. 42-62 BB
Nov 13 Thurs
“Peron and the People” Daniel James in The Argentina Reader (DUP) pp. 273-295 BB
WEEK 13:
Nov 18 Tues
Revolutionary Cultures Reactionary Cultures and Resistance
Themes: Violence from below, consolidating and representing revolutionary changes in society
Violence from above, cultural resistance and responses to state violence
Chasteen, chapter 8 “Revolution,” pp. 249-278.
Che Guevara, “Man and Socialism,” in The Cuba Reader. BB
Pablo Neruda “Ode to Tomatoes” BB
Nov 20 Thurs
Chasteen, chapter 9 “Reaction,” 279-310.
Chapter Six, “The Culture of Fear,” from Constable and Valenzuela, A Nation of Enemies. Chile Under Pinochet, New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1991. pp. 140-165. BB
Marjorie Agosin, “Chile: Patchwork of Memory,” NACLA, vol. XXVII, no. 6, May/June 1994 (on arpilleras) pp. 11-14. BB
WEEK 14:
Nov 25-27 Tues Thurs No Class Thanksgiving Holiday
WEEK 15:
Transnational Latin America
Themes: Migration, New Alliances, New Influences
Discussion Questions:
How has migration changed Latin American nations and peoples (both immigration and emmigration)? Are these changes substantially different than changes brought about by migration in earlier centuries? Has migration changed what we think about Latin America? How has Latin American migration effected areas beyond the region?
Dec 2 Tues
Chasteen, chapter 10 “Neoliberalism,” pp. 311-329
Dec 4 Thurs
George Brandon, “Santería in the United States (1959-1982)” in Santería From Africa to the New World: The Dead Sell Memories. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993) pp. 104-125.
Writing assignment due in class

Final Exam due (submit by email by 6 pm Thursday Dec. 11)